Present a written argument:

The mass media, including television, radio and newspapers, have great influence in shaping people’s idea. To what extent do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answers. Write at least 250 words! You should spend about 40 minutes on this task!

In globalization era, mass media plays a significant role in shaping people’s ideas. The discourses within the media, such as television, radio, newspaper, and internet can indirectly construct people’s way of thinking and give impact on their environments, either positive or negative impacts. This essay will discuss both points of views.

In a positive way, media can be an effective tool to deliver new information. By reading a newspaper, for example, people can know what’s going on in the world. Media help them collect information as much as possible (information to some extent). Those who don’t know anything (who know nothing) can enlarge their knowledge, and those whose voice wants to be heard can use media to express their idea. For example, there is a minority group who is difficult to get recognition from its environment. They share their idea to public using mass media. This idea creates a discourse that can shape people’s way of thinking. Indirectly, it persuades people to stop discrimination against them.

However, to some extent, people use media for political purpose. It is argued that there are many vested interests in media. The news or the program shown in media depends on the ideology that the media have. Consequently, it isn’t a surprise (it isn’t surprising) if people are easily dragged into a conflict because of the discourse built in media. The voice of majority and the ones having power can easily influence people with the discourse they build over and over. In addition, economical interest also plays an important role in media. Advertisement in mass media, for instance, can create a culture of consumption, making people become more consumptive.

In conclusion, media is an effective tool to shape public’s way of thinking due to its hegemonic characteristics. Therefore, public must be aware of the impacts created by the mass media.

296 words, 50 minutes.